Sports Medicine applies medical and scientific knowledge to prevent, recognize, manage, and rehabilitate injuries related to sports, exercise, or recreational activity. At Nairobi Spine Orthopaedic Centre, our focus is on helping patients improve their athletic performance, recover from injury and prevent future injuries, and optimize their overall health and function. We care for all kinds of patients, not just elite athletes.
Sports injuries occur when playing indoor or outdoor sports or while exercising. Sports injuries can result from accidents, inadequate training, improper use of protective devices, or insufficient stretching or warm-up exercises.
The most common sports injuries are sprains and strains, fractures, and dislocations.
Our sports medicine experts in Kenya treat professional and athletes, weekend warriors, patients seeking better results from their exercise and fitness program, those who have suffered injuries and are trying to regain full function, and individuals with physical disabilities who are trying to increase mobility and capability.
Common sports related Injuries
Concussion. A concussion is a type of brain injury caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that can change the way the brain normally functions.
Sprains.A sprain is a stretch or tear of a ligament near a joint, such as a knee, ankle, or wrist. Sprains are most often caused by falling or by a twisting motion.
Torn Rotator Cuffs. The rotator cuff comprises the muscles and tendons that hold the upper arm bone it its joint.
Achilles Tendon Rupture. Achillles tendon are tendons that joins the muscles of the lower leg. A ruptured Achilles is a serious injury that typically requires surgery.
Meniscus Injuries. The knee meniscus is a piece of cartilage that serves as a shock absorber between the ends of the leg bones, helps lubricate the joint, and distributes body weight across the joint.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries. Tears in the ACL generally result in ACL surgery, extensive physical therapy, significant time away from recreational activities, and a likelihood of arthritis within 10 years.
Ligament Injuries. Ligaments are the tough, flexible tissues that connect two bones or cartilages or hold together a joint.When the knee is suddenly twisted or directly impact, ligaments can be injured.
Heat Injuries. Most often occurs with the intense physical activities associated with long outdoor training sessions in the height of hot seasons. Sweating depletes the body of salt and water.
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Sports Injuries Treatment in Kenya
The most common treatment recommended for Sports injury is rest, ice, compression and elevation (RICE).
Rest: Avoid activities that may cause injury
Ice: Ice packs can be applied to the injured area which will help to diminish swelling and pain. Ice should be applied over a towel to the affected area for 15-20 minutes four times a day for several days. Never place ice directly over the skin
Compression: Compression of the injured area helps to reduce swelling. Elastic wraps, air casts, and splints can accomplish this.
Elevation: Elevate the injured part above heart level to reduce swelling and pain.
Sports Medicine Nutrition
To perform at your highest level, follow these general nutrition guidelines before an event:
Eat a meal high in carbohydrates.
Eat solid foods 3 to 4 hours before an event. Drink liquids 2 to 3 hours before an event.
Choose easily digestible foods, rather than fried or high-fat foods.
Avoid sugary foods and drinks within one hour of the event.
Drink enough fluids to ensure hydration. A good guideline to follow is: Drink at least 3 cups of water 1 to 2 hours before exercise and an additional 2- 3 cups within 15 to 30 minutes of the event. Replenishing fluids lost to sweat is the primary concern during an athletic event. Drink 1 cup of water or diluted sports drink every 10 to 20 minutes throughout competition.