What is osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by low bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue which can lead to increased risk of fracture due to fragility and weakness of the bone.
It can also be defined as decreased bone mass as well as decreased bone strength.
Know Your Risk
There are factors that determine a person’s risk of developing or having osteoporosis and there are factors that place a person at high risk for a fracture (broken bone). These may overlap but are not necessarily the same. They include:
Family history of osteoporosis
Lack of calcium and Vitamin D in the diet
Psychological stress, if it is associated with inadequate nutrition and poor absorption, it results in increased cortisol and prolactin levels in the blood, which can increase bone loss.
Smoking, alcohol consumption, use of certain medicines
High caffeine intake leads to increased calcium excretion in urine and can cause the body to take calcium from the bone.
Decrease in the estrogen hormone during postmenopausal stage
Low testosterone levels in men
Diagnosis and Treatment of Osteoporosis
Our osteoporosis specialists in Nairobi, Kenya at NSOC provides diagnostic tests for bone strength, muscle density and body composition.
We rely on the most advanced diagnostic testing including DEXA scans to analyze bone density. Other tests include quantitative ultrasonography and MRI.
After the evaluation, we develop a personalized plan to preserve bone density and restore what has been lost, if possible. This may include medication, such as Calcium and Vitamin D supplements to help provide building blocks for healthy bone production.
Bone density monitoring or physical therapy can also be used to strengthen bones and improve stability.