When bones rub against each other your body grows more bone in an attempt to repair the damage, creating bone spurs. These can be further aggravated by ill-fitting shoes.
Your risk of OA increases as you age. This is mostly due to wear and tear. Your body becomes less able to heal damaged cartilage as you grow older.
You are more likely to develop osteoarthritis if you have a family history of it or if you’re obese.
Hallux rigidus also may occur due to a toe injury or deformity of the foot.
Usually it develops in adults between 30 and 60 but can also occur in adolescence, and it affects more women than men.